ABSTRACT

   Typhoid fever (TF) is an acute systemic infection caused by Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A and Salmonella Para Typhi B. It is transmitted by the fecal oral route mainly via contaminated food and water. The developing countries have high rate of morbidity and mortality due to Typhoid fever, epidemics take place in developed world also. There are increased incidences of multi drug resistant in S. typhi strains that has further complicated its management and only a few antibiotics are now effective in treatment of typhoid. We report that the aqueous extracts of fruit peel Citrus sinensis (L.) confer anti typhoid activity against Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A and Salmonella Para Typhi B respectively on comparison with ciprofloxacin.



        

Key words:
Typhoid fever, Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A , Salmonella Para Typhi B, anti typhoid activity, Citrus sinensis.
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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
December 2011 Issue
December- 2011 / Volume - 3/Issue - 20
( Total Articles =20)
ABSTRACT

   Typhoid fever (TF) is an acute systemic infection caused by Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A and Salmonella Para Typhi B. It is transmitted by the fecal oral route mainly via contaminated food and water. The developing countries have high rate of morbidity and mortality due to Typhoid fever, epidemics take place in developed world also. There are increased incidences of multi drug resistant in S. typhi strains that has further complicated its management and only a few antibiotics are now effective in treatment of typhoid. We report that the aqueous extracts of fruit peel Citrus sinensis (L.) confer anti typhoid activity against Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A and Salmonella Para Typhi B respectively on comparison with ciprofloxacin.



        

Key words:
Typhoid fever, Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A , Salmonella Para Typhi B, anti typhoid activity, Citrus sinensis.
Copyright © 2009  by "International Journal of Pharmaceutica Research and Development"  ·  All Rights reserved  ·  E-Mail: info@ijprd.com
Welcome to "International Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Development"  i.e. "IJPRD"
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Online Since : March 2009
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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
1. PREFORMULATION AND REHOLOGICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIOUS POLYMERS FOR MUCOADHESIVE DRUG DELIVERY
A. A. Shaikh
*   
*Indira College of Pharmacy,Tathawade, Pune-411033, (M.S.) India
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

2. FORMULATION AND EVALUATION OF NORFLOXACIN SUSPENSION USING FENUGREEK HUSK AS A NATURAL SUSPENDING AGENT
S.Bharath1*
*
M. S. Ramaiah College of Pharmacy, M.S.R.Nagar, M.S.R.I.T. Post, Bangalore-54, India.
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

3. MICRONEEDLE: AN ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY OF TRANSDERMAL APPLICATION
Pintu Kumar De*

*Dr. B.C.Roy College of Pharmacy and AHS, Bidhannagar, Durgapur-713206, W.B., India.
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

4.SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATIONS OF MACROCYCLI LIGAND AND ITS COMPLEXES DERIVED FROM TRIMETHOPRIM AND DIETHYLMALONATE.
P.Victor Arockiadoss*
*
St.Joseph’s college (Autonomous), Tiruchirappalli-620002(T.N) INDIA
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

5. ANTI-DIABETIC POTENTIAL OF HERBAL MEDICINES: A REVIEW
Pravin Bhoyar*  
*Siddhivinayak College of Pharmacy, Warora, Dist: Chandrapur, Maharashtra, India.
[ Abstrct ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

6. FORMULATION AND EVALUATION OF EFFERVESCENT FLOATING TABLET OF FELODIPINE
Jadhav C.M*
*TVES’s Hon’ble Loksevak Madhukarrao Chaudhari College of Pharmacy, Faizpur , Tq: Yawal, Dist: Jalgaon.MH.
  [ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

7. IN VITRO ANALYSIS OF ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF TRAPA NATANS PEEL (HOUSEHOLD WASTE)
Tarun Agarwal*
**
Amity Institute Of Biotechnology, Amity University, Lucknow, India.
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

8. TASTE MASKED ORAL DISINTEGRATING TABLET DOSAGE FORM OF ARTEMETHER AND LUMEFANTRINE
Satapara R.G.
*C.U.Shah college of  Pharmacy And Reseach,Wadhwancity,Surendranagar,Gujarat
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

9. PREPARATION, CHARACTERIZATION AND EVALUATION OF PGS
- MCC CO-PROCESSED EXCIPIENT AS DIRECTLY COMPRESSIBLE VEHICLE IN TABLET FORMUALATION
K. Ravi Shankar*
*
A.K.R.G. College of Pharmacy, Nallajerla - 534112, Andhra Pradesh
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

10. EFFECT OF BRYOPHYLUM CALYCINUM SALISB ON EXPERIMENTALY INDUCED URINARY CALCULI
T.T.Shelke *
*
JSPMs Charak College of Pharmacy and Research, Wagholi, Pune,Maharashtra-412 207, India
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

11.PRESCRIPTIVE PATTERN OF ANTIHYPERTENSIVES IN TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL USING DU-90%

Dr Suheela Somappa Halemani
*
*
JJM Medical College Davangere ,Karnataka.  
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

12. METHOD DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF AZTREONAM BY RP-HPLC IN BULK DRUG AND FORMULATION USING PARACETAMOL AS INTERNAL STANDARD
Vipin Prakash
*
*
1.JDT Islam College of Pharmacy, Calicut -673 012,kerala..   
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

13. ANTIMUTAGENIC EFFECT OF METHANOL EXTRACT OF SALVIA COCCINEA BUC’HOZ EX ETL. ‘WHITE’ IN SWISS ALBINO MICE
Jija Mathew*
*
Department of Botany, University of Calicut,  Pin- 673635, Kerala, India.4
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

14. PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING OF THREE MEDICINALLY IMPORTANT FICUS SP.
D.M.Manimozhi*
*
Mother Teresa Women’s University, Kodaikanal-624102, India.
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

15. AN UPDATED ANALGESIC REVIEW ON MEDICINAL PLANTS-2011
Nikhitha Mathangi* 
*Anurag Pharmacy College, Ananthagiri (V), Kodad (M), Nalgonda (DT), Andhra Pradesh, India, 508 206.
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

16. TASTE MASKING OF AMBROXOL HYDROCHLORIDE BY FORMULATING AND EVALUATION OF MICROSPERE BY USING SPRAY DRYER.
Priya C. Jain
*   
*R. C. Patel Institute of pharmaceutical education and research, near karvand naka, shirpur-425405, Dist. Dhule (Maharashtra), India.
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]


17. NASAL DRUG DELIVERY: REVIEW
Nishan N. Bobade*   
*Vidhya Bharati College of Pharmacy, Amravati, Dist- Amravati, Maharashtra - 444602.
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

18. A VALIDATED RP- HPLC METHOD FOR ESTIMATION OF LINEZOLID IN LINEZOLID INFUSION
Gaurav Gaur
*   
*Department Of Quality Assurance,Seth G.L.Bihani S.D. College Of Technical
Education,Sriganganagar,Rajasthan,India
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]


19. ANTI ULCER ACTIVITY OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF ANNONA SQUAMOSA LEAVES
Ashokkumar Palanisamy
*   
*J.K.K.Nattraja College of Pharmacy, Komarapalayam, Namakkal, Tamil Nadu, India
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

20. FORMULATION AND EVALUATION OF PREGABALINE SUSTAINED RELEASE MATRIX TABLET
Pawar S.D.
*   
*Vishal Institute of Pharmaceutical Education & Research, Ale, Pune - 412411, (M.S.) India
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

21. EVALUATION OF ANTI-DIARRHOEAL POTENTIAL OF METHANOL EXTRACT OF Garcinia kola STEM BARK
Kagbo, H. D.
*   
*College of Health Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria 
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

22. ETHNO-MEDICINAL STUDY OF MERBAZGHAZ JAHANGIR ABAD, MARDAN, KHYBER PUKHTOONKHWA, PAKISTAN
Ali Bahadur
*   
*Department of Botany, Hazara University Mansehra Khyber,  Pukhtoonkhwa, Pakistan
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]


23. COMMUNITY PHARMACY PRACTICE IN PAKISTAN: FROM PAST TO PRESENT: A REVIEW
Ayesha Javeed
*   
*Mayo Hospital Lahore, Pakistan, Pakistan
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]


24. ETHNO-MEDICINAL STUDY OF MERBAZGHAZ JAHANGIR ABAD, MARDAN, KHYBER PUKHTOONKHWA, PAKISTAN
Dr Amarlal Ghurbakhshani
*   
*Assoct Professor, Sbbmu, Cmc, Larkana, Pakistan
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]


25. SYNTHESIS, EVALUATION AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF 5-METHYL DISUBSTITUTED BENZOXAZOLE DERIVATIVES
Deepak Shrivastava
*   
*
Indore Institute of Pharmacy (IIP) Indore Rau-Pithampur Road Indore (M.P.), India.
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]


March 2012 Issue
March - 2012 / Volume - 3/4ssue - 1
( Total Articles =25)