ABSTRACT

   Typhoid fever (TF) is an acute systemic infection caused by Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A and Salmonella Para Typhi B. It is transmitted by the fecal oral route mainly via contaminated food and water. The developing countries have high rate of morbidity and mortality due to Typhoid fever, epidemics take place in developed world also. There are increased incidences of multi drug resistant in S. typhi strains that has further complicated its management and only a few antibiotics are now effective in treatment of typhoid. We report that the aqueous extracts of fruit peel Citrus sinensis (L.) confer anti typhoid activity against Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A and Salmonella Para Typhi B respectively on comparison with ciprofloxacin.



        

Key words:
Typhoid fever, Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A , Salmonella Para Typhi B, anti typhoid activity, Citrus sinensis.
Copyright © 2009  by "International Journal of Pharmaceutica Research and Development"  ·  All Rights reserved  ·  E-Mail: info@ijprd.com
Welcome to "International Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Development"  i.e. "IJPRD"
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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
1. A STUDY ON ANALGESIC ACTIVITY OF HELIOTROPIUM  INDICUM L. STEM
Ashutosh Meher1*
*The Pharmaceutical College, Samaleshwari vihar, Tingipali, Barpali, Bargarh, Odisha, India
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

2.
DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF ANTIMICROBIAL FORMULATION CONTAINING EXTRACT OF ANTHOCEPHALUS CADAMBA (ROXB.) MIQ. LEAVES.
Atul Dubey*

*Bansal College of Pharmacy, Kokta, Anand Nagar, Bhopal, India, 462 021

[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

3.
A REVIEW ON “GARCINIA CAMBOGIA - A WEIGHT CONTROLLING AGENT
Atul Sethi*
*
Indore Institute Of Pharmacy, Indore, MP, India
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

4.
PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF VARIOUS EXTRACTS OFSARGASSUM MUTICUM
Thoudam Bhaigyabati*  
*Department of Biotechnology & Biochemistry, Avinashilingam University for Women,
Coimbatore-641043, TN, India
[ Abstrct ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

5.
ANTIMICROBIAL, ANTHELMINTIC AND PHYTOCHEMICAL  INVESTIGATIONS  ON NARAGAMIA ALATA W&A 
Oommen  P.  Saj *
*Department of Botany, University  College, Thiruvanathapuram ,Kerala -695034
  [ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

6.
STUDY OF PHYSICO CHEMICAL AND PERCENTAGE PURITY OF COMMONLY USED FOOD GRADE DYES
Pradeep Kumar Sharma*
*
P.G. Department of Applied chemistry S.A.T.I.Vidisha (M.P.)
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

7.
GC-MS ANALYSIS OF THE DESERT PLANTS OF APOCYNACEAE FAMILY: NERIUM OLEANDER L. AND THEVETIA PERUVIANA (PERS.) SCHUM
Garima Zibbu
*
*
Biotech Lab, Department Of Botany, University Of Rajasthan, Jaipur, India
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

8.
EXTRACTION AND PURIFICATION OF ANTIBACTERIAL METABOLITES FROM ACTINOMYCETES SPP. ISOLATED FROM SOIL SAMPLE
Jahir Alam Khan*
*
R &D Division, MRD LifeSciences (P) Ltd., Lucknow, India
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

9.
DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF RP-HPLC METHOD FOR ESTIMATION OF MARAVIROC IN BULK AND ITS PHARMACEUTICAL FORMULATION
V.Kalyana Chakravarthy*
*
College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam-530 003, India.
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

10.
FORMULATION, EVALUATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF BILAYER TABLET
Kiran musle*
*
PG Department Of Pharmaceutics, Tatyasaheb Kore College Of Pharmacy, Warnanagar, Kolhapur  
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

11.
IMPROVING BINDING AFFINITIES OF CONTINUUM SOLVENT ENERGY MODEL OF PODOPHYLLOTOXIN ANALOGUES USING GA, RBFNN FOR PREDICTION OF CYTOTOXIC ACTIVITY
Md. Afroz Alam
*
*
Kanchi Mamunivar Centre for Post graduate studies, Lawspet, Pondicherry 605 008, India   
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

12.
EVALUATION OF ANTI-ULCER ACTIVITY OF AQUEOUS & ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF OXALIS CORNICULATA LEAF IN EXPERIMENTAL RATS
Piyusha B. Patil*
*
Appasaheb Birnale College of Pharmacy, Sangli, 416416, India.
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

13.
PHYTOCHEMICAL STUDIES AND GC-MS ANALYSIS OF CARALLUMA FIMBRIATA WALL
Priya D.*
*
Department of Biotechnology, Vel Tech High Tech Dr Rangarajan Dr Sakunthala Engineering College, Avadi,Chennai- 600062
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

14.
IN-VITRO STUDIES ON THE ANTIVIRAL PROPERTY OF LANTANA CAMARA FLOWERS
R. Kanagavalli
*   
*JSS College of Pharmacy, Rockland, Ootacamund, Tamil Nadu, India.
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

15.
MICROWAVE SYNTHESIS, SPECTRAL ANALYSIS AND BIOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF SOME TRANSITION METAL COMPLEXES DERIVED FROM 4-BROMOBENZYLIDINE-3-CHLORO-4-FLOUROANILINE LIGAND
Rajendra Jain*   
*
Synthetic Inorganic & Coordination Chemistry Laboratories
Department of Chemistry, Dr. H.S. Gour Central University, Sagar (M.P.)-470 003, India
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

16.
SIZE ENLARGEMENT OF GRISEOFULVIN BY NOVEL POWDER WETTING SOLVENT CHANGE TECHNIQUE
Shingade G.M.
*   
*
K.T.Patil College of Pharmacy, Osmanabad-413501. (Maharashtra)
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

17.
PROCESS VALIDATION: AN ESSENTIALITY IN THE PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY
Sharma  Tejal*   
*
Bhupal  Noble’s  Girls  College  of  Pharmacy,  Udaipur (India).
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

18.
FORMULATION DESIGN AND EVALUATION OF ATORVASTATIN CALCIUM FLOATING TABLETS BY USING PECTIN AS A RELEASE MODIFYING AGENT
Umesh L. Chaudhari
*   
*
Shree Sureshdada Jain Institute of Pharmaceutical Education & Research, Jamner, 424206,  Dist:- Jalgaon,  Maharashtra, India.
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

19.
REMARKABLE POTENTIAL OF DIFFERENT EXTRACTS OF NYCTANTHES ARBOR- TRISTIS LINN BARK ON VARIOUS HUMAN PATHOGENS
V Suresh*   
*
JKK munirajah medical research foundation and College of Pharmacy, B.Komarapalayam, Namakkal, Tamilnadu - 638183, India.
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

20.
POLYOMICS- PIVOTAL ROLE IN DRUG DEVELOPMENT
Dr. Vinay. Munishamappa*   
*
Department of Botany, Govt. Arts College, Thiruvannamalai - 606 603, Tamil Nadu, India
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

December 2011 Issue
December- 2011 / Volume - 3/Issue - 20
( Total Articles =20)
ABSTRACT

   Typhoid fever (TF) is an acute systemic infection caused by Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A and Salmonella Para Typhi B. It is transmitted by the fecal oral route mainly via contaminated food and water. The developing countries have high rate of morbidity and mortality due to Typhoid fever, epidemics take place in developed world also. There are increased incidences of multi drug resistant in S. typhi strains that has further complicated its management and only a few antibiotics are now effective in treatment of typhoid. We report that the aqueous extracts of fruit peel Citrus sinensis (L.) confer anti typhoid activity against Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A and Salmonella Para Typhi B respectively on comparison with ciprofloxacin.



        

Key words:
Typhoid fever, Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A , Salmonella Para Typhi B, anti typhoid activity, Citrus sinensis.
Copyright © 2009  by "International Journal of Pharmaceutica Research and Development"  ·  All Rights reserved  ·  E-Mail: info@ijprd.com
Welcome to "International Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Development"  i.e. "IJPRD"
HOW TO PREPARE   
YOUR PAPER
What's New | Feedback | Copyright and Disclaimer
Online Since : March 2009
TODAY IS
Abstract Content
Model Abstract
Summary Content
Model Summary

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
1. A STUDY ON ANALGESIC ACTIVITY OF HELIOTROPIUM  INDICUM L. STEM
Ashutosh Meher1*
*The Pharmaceutical College, Samaleshwari vihar, Tingipali, Barpali, Bargarh, Odisha, India
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

2.
DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF ANTIMICROBIAL FORMULATION CONTAINING EXTRACT OF ANTHOCEPHALUS CADAMBA (ROXB.) MIQ. LEAVES.
Atul Dubey*

*Bansal College of Pharmacy, Kokta, Anand Nagar, Bhopal, India, 462 021

[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

3.
A REVIEW ON “GARCINIA CAMBOGIA - A WEIGHT CONTROLLING AGENT
Atul Sethi*
*
Indore Institute Of Pharmacy, Indore, MP, India
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

4.
PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF VARIOUS EXTRACTS OFSARGASSUM MUTICUM
Thoudam Bhaigyabati*  
*Department of Biotechnology & Biochemistry, Avinashilingam University for Women,
Coimbatore-641043, TN, India
[ Abstrct ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

5.
ANTIMICROBIAL, ANTHELMINTIC AND PHYTOCHEMICAL  INVESTIGATIONS  ON NARAGAMIA ALATA W&A 
Oommen  P.  Saj *
*Department of Botany, University  College, Thiruvanathapuram ,Kerala -695034
  [ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

6.
STUDY OF PHYSICO CHEMICAL AND PERCENTAGE PURITY OF COMMONLY USED FOOD GRADE DYES
Pradeep Kumar Sharma*
*
P.G. Department of Applied chemistry S.A.T.I.Vidisha (M.P.)
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

7.
GC-MS ANALYSIS OF THE DESERT PLANTS OF APOCYNACEAE FAMILY: NERIUM OLEANDER L. AND THEVETIA PERUVIANA (PERS.) SCHUM
Garima Zibbu
*
*
Biotech Lab, Department Of Botany, University Of Rajasthan, Jaipur, India
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

8.
EXTRACTION AND PURIFICATION OF ANTIBACTERIAL METABOLITES FROM ACTINOMYCETES SPP. ISOLATED FROM SOIL SAMPLE
Jahir Alam Khan*
*
R &D Division, MRD LifeSciences (P) Ltd., Lucknow, India
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

9.
DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF RP-HPLC METHOD FOR ESTIMATION OF MARAVIROC IN BULK AND ITS PHARMACEUTICAL FORMULATION
V.Kalyana Chakravarthy*
*
College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam-530 003, India.
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

10.
FORMULATION, EVALUATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF BILAYER TABLET
Kiran musle*
*
PG Department Of Pharmaceutics, Tatyasaheb Kore College Of Pharmacy, Warnanagar, Kolhapur  
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

11.
IMPROVING BINDING AFFINITIES OF CONTINUUM SOLVENT ENERGY MODEL OF PODOPHYLLOTOXIN ANALOGUES USING GA, RBFNN FOR PREDICTION OF CYTOTOXIC ACTIVITY
Md. Afroz Alam
*
*
Kanchi Mamunivar Centre for Post graduate studies, Lawspet, Pondicherry 605 008, India   
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

12.
EVALUATION OF ANTI-ULCER ACTIVITY OF AQUEOUS & ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF OXALIS CORNICULATA LEAF IN EXPERIMENTAL RATS
Piyusha B. Patil*
*
Appasaheb Birnale College of Pharmacy, Sangli, 416416, India.
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

13.
PHYTOCHEMICAL STUDIES AND GC-MS ANALYSIS OF CARALLUMA FIMBRIATA WALL
Priya D.*
*
Department of Biotechnology, Vel Tech High Tech Dr Rangarajan Dr Sakunthala Engineering College, Avadi,Chennai- 600062
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

14.
IN-VITRO STUDIES ON THE ANTIVIRAL PROPERTY OF LANTANA CAMARA FLOWERS
R. Kanagavalli
*   
*JSS College of Pharmacy, Rockland, Ootacamund, Tamil Nadu, India.
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

15.
MICROWAVE SYNTHESIS, SPECTRAL ANALYSIS AND BIOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF SOME TRANSITION METAL COMPLEXES DERIVED FROM 4-BROMOBENZYLIDINE-3-CHLORO-4-FLOUROANILINE LIGAND
Rajendra Jain*   
*
Synthetic Inorganic & Coordination Chemistry Laboratories
Department of Chemistry, Dr. H.S. Gour Central University, Sagar (M.P.)-470 003, India
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

16.
SIZE ENLARGEMENT OF GRISEOFULVIN BY NOVEL POWDER WETTING SOLVENT CHANGE TECHNIQUE
Shingade G.M.
*   
*
K.T.Patil College of Pharmacy, Osmanabad-413501. (Maharashtra)
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

17.
PROCESS VALIDATION: AN ESSENTIALITY IN THE PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY
Sharma  Tejal*   
*
Bhupal  Noble’s  Girls  College  of  Pharmacy,  Udaipur (India).
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

18.
FORMULATION DESIGN AND EVALUATION OF ATORVASTATIN CALCIUM FLOATING TABLETS BY USING PECTIN AS A RELEASE MODIFYING AGENT
Umesh L. Chaudhari
*   
*
Shree Sureshdada Jain Institute of Pharmaceutical Education & Research, Jamner, 424206,  Dist:- Jalgaon,  Maharashtra, India.
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

19.
REMARKABLE POTENTIAL OF DIFFERENT EXTRACTS OF NYCTANTHES ARBOR- TRISTIS LINN BARK ON VARIOUS HUMAN PATHOGENS
V Suresh*   
*
JKK munirajah medical research foundation and College of Pharmacy, B.Komarapalayam, Namakkal, Tamilnadu - 638183, India.
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

20.
POLYOMICS- PIVOTAL ROLE IN DRUG DEVELOPMENT
Dr. Vinay. Munishamappa*   
*
Department of Pharmacology,Mamata Medical College,Khammam-507002,Andhra pradesh,India.
[ Abstract ] -- [ Full Text - PDF ]

December 2011 Issue
December- 2011 / Volume - 3/Issue - 10
( Total Articles =20)