Typhoid fever (TF) is an acute systemic infection caused by Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A and Salmonella Para Typhi B. It is transmitted by the fecal oral route mainly via contaminated food and water. The developing countries have high rate of morbidity and mortality due to Typhoid fever, epidemics take place in developed world also. There are increased incidences of multi drug resistant in S. typhi strains that has further complicated its management and only a few antibiotics are now effective in treatment of typhoid. We report that the aqueous extracts of fruit peel Citrus sinensis (L.) confer anti typhoid activity against Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A and Salmonella Para Typhi B respectively on comparison with ciprofloxacin.
Key words: Typhoid fever, Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A , Salmonella Para Typhi B, anti typhoid activity, Citrus sinensis.
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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
Medicinal plants have been utilized for the cure of dreaded diseases since time immemorial. They are probably the best organic chemists on earth and are able to produce a large number of amazingly diverse chemical constituents or phytochemicals with meticulous attention to detail. Medicinal plants like, Catharanthus roseus, Berberis aristata, Papaver somniferum, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Digitalis purpurea and so on, have been explored for their chemistry and pharmacological activities. One of those important medicinal plants is the species of genus Phaseolus belonging to family Papilionaceae, are annual or perennial twiners found throughout the tropics and warm temperate regions of the world. Species discussed here are cultivated throughout India. In the present communication, we reviewed the distribution, morphology, chemistry, traditional uses and the various pharmacological aspects of valuable species of Phaseolus viz. Phaseolus mungo, P. radiatus, P. lunatus, P. trilobus, P. vulgaris.
Key words: Pharmacological aspects, Phaseolus mungo, P. radiatus, P. lunatus, P. trilobus, P. vulgaris.
June 2011 Issue
June - 2011 / Volume - 3/Issue - 04
( Total Articles =30 )
Article No 8
June - 2011 / Volume - 3 / Issue - 04 / /Article No - 08/ Review Article
THE WORTH OF GENUS PHASEOLUS- A REVIEW
Akash Jain1, Navpreet Kaur1
1M.M. College of Pharmacy, M.M. University,
Mullana, Ambala, Haryana- 133207, India