Typhoid fever (TF) is an acute systemic infection caused by Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A and Salmonella Para Typhi B. It is transmitted by the fecal oral route mainly via contaminated food and water. The developing countries have high rate of morbidity and mortality due to Typhoid fever, epidemics take place in developed world also. There are increased incidences of multi drug resistant in S. typhi strains that has further complicated its management and only a few antibiotics are now effective in treatment of typhoid. We report that the aqueous extracts of fruit peel Citrus sinensis (L.) confer anti typhoid activity against Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A and Salmonella Para Typhi B respectively on comparison with ciprofloxacin.
Key words: Typhoid fever, Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A , Salmonella Para Typhi B, anti typhoid activity, Citrus sinensis.
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The plant Argemone mexicana known as Ghamoya (Family papaveraceae) is an indigenous herb. The present investigation evaluates repellent activity aqueous extract of A. mexicana on S. oryzae and T. castaneum adults. The crude aqueous extract from the leaves of A. mexicana was diluted in distilled water to five different concentrations (0.05, 0.10, 0.20, 0.40 and 0.80 µg/cm2) and distilled water was used as the control. From data obtained, it was evident that the repellent activity aqueous extract of A. mexicana on S. oryzae and T. castaneum. Present study thus confirms crude aqueous extract from the leaves of A. mexicana is good Biological control against Insect Pest of stored grains.
Key words: Argemone mexicana, Tribolium castaneum, Sitophilus oryzae, repellent activity, crude aqueous extract.
May 2011 Issue
May - 2011 / Volume - 3/Issue - 03
( Total Articles =25 )
May - 2011 / Volume - 3 / Issue - 03 / Article No - 25 / Research Article
STUDY ON REPELLENT ACTIVITY OF ARGEMONE MEXICANA ON TRIBOLIUM CASTANEUM AND SITOPHILUS ORYZAE
Abdul Majeed S1*, Abidunnisa T2
1PG and Research Department of Zoology
C. Abdul Hakeem College, Melvisharam - 632509.
Vellore District. Tamil Nadu, India.
2PG and Research Department of Zoology
I.D.E. University of Madra Chennai - 600005.
Tamil Nadu, India.