Typhoid fever (TF) is an acute systemic infection caused by Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A and Salmonella Para Typhi B. It is transmitted by the fecal oral route mainly via contaminated food and water. The developing countries have high rate of morbidity and mortality due to Typhoid fever, epidemics take place in developed world also. There are increased incidences of multi drug resistant in S. typhi strains that has further complicated its management and only a few antibiotics are now effective in treatment of typhoid. We report that the aqueous extracts of fruit peel Citrus sinensis (L.) confer anti typhoid activity against Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A and Salmonella Para Typhi B respectively on comparison with ciprofloxacin.
Key words: Typhoid fever, Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A , Salmonella Para Typhi B, anti typhoid activity, Citrus sinensis.
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The pharmaceutical biotechnology and medical device research and development industries are among the most highly regulated industries in the country. As India is growing very rapidly in pharmaceutical sector, there is a need of regulatory affairs professionals to cater the current needs of industries for the global competition. Regulatory affairs professionals are the link between pharmaceutical industries and worldwide regulatory agencies. They are required to be well versed in the laws, regulations, guidelines and guidance of the regulatory agencies. There is a growing need to incorporate the current requirements of pharmaceutical industries in the standard curriculum of pharmacy colleges to prepare the students with the latest developments to serve the industries. The present article discusses the regulatory education and its need, learning resources, courses available, syllabus contents, and job opportunities in regulatory affairs.
Key words: Pharmacy Curriculum, Regulatory Affairs, Pharmacy Practice, Worldwide Regulatory Agencies
May 2011 Issue
May - 2011 / Volume - 3/Issue - 03
( Total Articles =25 )
Article No 16
May - 2011 / Volume - 3 / Issue - 03 / Article No - 16 / Review Article
NEED FOR THE INTRODUCTION OF REGULATORY AFFAIRS, QUALITY ASSURANCE & PHARMACY PRACTICE IN THE PHARMACY CURRICULUM
Rajendra Kumar Songara1*,
Pratibha chauhan1, Sneh lata1 ,
1School of Pharmaceutical Sciences,
Jaipur National University, Jaipur, Rajasthan