Typhoid fever (TF) is an acute systemic infection caused by Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A and Salmonella Para Typhi B. It is transmitted by the fecal oral route mainly via contaminated food and water. The developing countries have high rate of morbidity and mortality due to Typhoid fever, epidemics take place in developed world also. There are increased incidences of multi drug resistant in S. typhi strains that has further complicated its management and only a few antibiotics are now effective in treatment of typhoid. We report that the aqueous extracts of fruit peel Citrus sinensis (L.) confer anti typhoid activity against Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A and Salmonella Para Typhi B respectively on comparison with ciprofloxacin.
Key words: Typhoid fever, Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A , Salmonella Para Typhi B, anti typhoid activity, Citrus sinensis.
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Etnobotanically the use of Cocus nucifera shell ash has been stated so this study was undertaken to determine the inhibitory effect of the water extract of cocus nucifera shell ash on oral microflora from human being. Samples of mouth rinse and tartar were collected from male and female population. The inhibitory effect testing was carried out and results showed that the organisms were susceptible more to the stock as observed by the zone of inhibition in mm, with subsequent reduction in the zone of inhibition with the various fold dilutions. The results of this preliminary investigation revealed that the water extract of cocus nucifera shell ash had Inhibitory effect against oral microflora.
Key words: Cocus nucifera,oral microflora, zone of inhibition.
April 2011 Issue
April - 2011 / Volume - 3/Issue - 02
( Total Articles =26 )
Article No 20
April - 2011 / Volume - 3 / Issue - 02 / Article No - 20 / Research Article
AN INHIBITORY STUDY ON ORAL MICROFLORA OF HOMO SAPIENS BY THE WATER EXTRACT OF COCUS NUCIFERA SHELL ASH
Bidkar J S1*, Poojari S K1,
Dama G Y1, Bidkar S J1
1SGMSPM’s Sharadchandra Pawar
College of Pharmacy, Otur, Pune - 412 409
Bidkar J S