Typhoid fever (TF) is an acute systemic infection caused by Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A and Salmonella Para Typhi B. It is transmitted by the fecal oral route mainly via contaminated food and water. The developing countries have high rate of morbidity and mortality due to Typhoid fever, epidemics take place in developed world also. There are increased incidences of multi drug resistant in S. typhi strains that has further complicated its management and only a few antibiotics are now effective in treatment of typhoid. We report that the aqueous extracts of fruit peel Citrus sinensis (L.) confer anti typhoid activity against Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A and Salmonella Para Typhi B respectively on comparison with ciprofloxacin.
Key words: Typhoid fever, Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A , Salmonella Para Typhi B, anti typhoid activity, Citrus sinensis.
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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
The Survey was carried out in the remote villages in and around in the Western Ghats of Srivilliputtur Taluk, Virudhunagar District, Tamil Nadu. Most of the Plants are traditionally used by the people for their day to day life. There are 44 plant species belonging to from 22 families of medicinally important plants were identified and their uses are described. Among the species, Ennichostemma littorale, Achyranthus aspera,, Ficus bengalensis, Leucus aspera, Ocimum sanctum, Phyllantus amarus, Ricinus communis, Adothoda vasica, Morinda tinctoria, Cactus indicus, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, Tamarindus indica, Azadirachta indica, Borassus flabellifer, Vitex negundo, Citulles colosynthase, Lawsonia inermis, Cassia auriculata, are used in their daily life. While Emblica officinalis, Cucumis sativus, Lawsonia inermis, Azadirechta indica,Nerium indicam, Adothoda vasica, Tamarindus indica, Moringa oleifera, Ricinus communis are commonly cultivated by these people.
Key words: Ethno medicine, Medicinal Plants, Traditional Knowledge, Western Ghats,
April 2011 Issue
April - 2011 / Volume - 3/Issue - 02
( Total Articles =26 )
Article No 9
April - 2011 / Volume - 3 / Issue - 02 / Article No - 9 /Survey Article
A SURVEY OF MEDICINALLY IMPORTANT PLANTS IN AROUND SRIVILLIPUTTUR TALUK, VIRUDHUNAGAR DISTRICT, TAMILNADU
Pandiarajan G*1, Govindaraj R2,
Makesh Kumar B1,Sankarasivaraman K3
1Department of Plant Biology &
Plant Biotechnology, G.V.N.College, Kovilpatti
2UPASI Tea Research Foundation,
Nirar dam, Valparai, TN
3Department of Botany, Ayya Nadar
Janaki Ammal College, Sivakasi- 626124, Tamil Nadu.