ABSTRACT

   Typhoid fever (TF) is an acute systemic infection caused by Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A and Salmonella Para Typhi B. It is transmitted by the fecal oral route mainly via contaminated food and water. The developing countries have high rate of morbidity and mortality due to Typhoid fever, epidemics take place in developed world also. There are increased incidences of multi drug resistant in S. typhi strains that has further complicated its management and only a few antibiotics are now effective in treatment of typhoid. We report that the aqueous extracts of fruit peel Citrus sinensis (L.) confer anti typhoid activity against Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A and Salmonella Para Typhi B respectively on comparison with ciprofloxacin.



        

Key words:
Typhoid fever, Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A , Salmonella Para Typhi B, anti typhoid activity, Citrus sinensis.
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ABSTRACT
  
Aqueous, alcoholic and ethyl acetate extracts of leaves of five Terminalia species (T. alata, T. arjuna, T. bellerica, T. catappa, T. chebula) were tested against five plant pathogenic fungi like Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger, Alternaria brassicicola, Alternaria alternata and Helminthosporium tetramera). The antifungal activities of all these extracts were determined by paper disc method. Nearly all the extracts were found effective against these fungi. The positive results so obtained were compared with that of the reference standard fungicide (Carbendazim). It was found that most of the extracts were more effective against fungi than the control fungicide.



Key words:
Antifungal activity, Combretaceae, Terminalia species.

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April 2011 Issue
April - 2011 / Volume - 3/Issue - 02
( Total Articles =26 )
Article No 5
April - 2011 / Volume - 3 / Issue - 02 / Article No - 5 / Review Article

THE ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY OF FIVE TERMINALIA SPECIES CHECKED BY PAPER DISC METHOD

Dr. Saheb L. Shinde
*1,
S.M. More2, S.B. Junne3 and S.S. Wadje1

1Dept. of Botany,  Yeshwant Mahavidyalaya,
Nanded (M.S.) INDIA.
2Dept. of Microbiology, Yeshwant Mahavidyalaya,
Nanded (M.S.) INDIA.
3
Dept. of Chemistry, Yeshwant Mahavidyalaya,
Nanded (M.S.) INDIA.
E-mail:saheb_shinde@yahoo.com

Dr. Shheb Shinde