ABSTRACT

   Typhoid fever (TF) is an acute systemic infection caused by Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A and Salmonella Para Typhi B. It is transmitted by the fecal oral route mainly via contaminated food and water. The developing countries have high rate of morbidity and mortality due to Typhoid fever, epidemics take place in developed world also. There are increased incidences of multi drug resistant in S. typhi strains that has further complicated its management and only a few antibiotics are now effective in treatment of typhoid. We report that the aqueous extracts of fruit peel Citrus sinensis (L.) confer anti typhoid activity against Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A and Salmonella Para Typhi B respectively on comparison with ciprofloxacin.



        

Key words:
Typhoid fever, Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A , Salmonella Para Typhi B, anti typhoid activity, Citrus sinensis.
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January - 2010 / Volume - 2/Issue - 11
( Total Articles =15 )
January 2011 Issue
ABSTRACT

  In Indian traditional system of medicine, herbal remedies are prescribed for the treatment of various diseases including liver diseases. The present study was aimed to investigate the hapatoprotective activity of the Ethanolic Extract of Spermacoce hispida.Linn (SHE) against carbon tetra chloride (CCl4) inducd hepatotoxicity in rats. Liver functions were assessed by the determination of SGOT, SGPT, ALP and bilirubin. Histopathological studies were carried out.The serum biochemical analysis results suggest that the use of Ethanolic extract of Spermacoce hispida.Linn exhibited significant protective effect from hepatic damage in CCl4 induced hepatotoxicity model. Histopathological studies revealed that concurrent administration of the extract with CCl4 exhibited protective effect on the liver, which further evidenced its hepatoprotective activity.


Key words:
Spermacoce hispida.Linn: Carbon tetra chloride: Hepatotoxicity.
Article No 6
January - 2011 / Volume - 2 / Issue - 11 / Article No -6 / Review Article

HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF SPERMACOCE HISPIDA.LINN AGAINST CARBON TETRACHLORIDE (CCl4) INDUCED HEPATOTOXICITY ON ALBINO WISTAR RATS.


M.Karthikeyan
1*,Wawdhane S.S.,
M.Kannan1,S.Rajasekar1


1Faculty of Pharmacy, PRIST University,
Thanjavur-614904, India
Email:kapharm@gmail.com
M. Karthikeyan
Only 15 Articles will be Published in Each Issues