Typhoid fever (TF) is an acute systemic infection caused by Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A and Salmonella Para Typhi B. It is transmitted by the fecal oral route mainly via contaminated food and water. The developing countries have high rate of morbidity and mortality due to Typhoid fever, epidemics take place in developed world also. There are increased incidences of multi drug resistant in S. typhi strains that has further complicated its management and only a few antibiotics are now effective in treatment of typhoid. We report that the aqueous extracts of fruit peel Citrus sinensis (L.) confer anti typhoid activity against Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A and Salmonella Para Typhi B respectively on comparison with ciprofloxacin.
Key words: Typhoid fever, Salmonella Typhi, Salmonella Para Typhi A , Salmonella Para Typhi B, anti typhoid activity, Citrus sinensis.
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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
December - 2010 / Volume - 2/Issue - 10
( Total Articles =17 )
December 2010 Issue
Article No 6
December - 2010 / Volume - 2 / Issue - 10 / Article No -6 / Review Article
TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER IN PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY: OBJECTIVE, ISSUES AND POLICY APPROACHES
Rajkumar P. Patil*1
1Sr. Production Officer
Provimi Animal Nutrition India Pvt. Ltd
Yelahanka New Town, Bangalore - 560 106.
Rajendra Kumar Patil
The objective of this study is to explore how technology is transferred, importance of technology transfer, reasons for technology transfer, factors influencing technology transfer: drivers and barriers, steps involved in technology transfer and to identify policy approaches that might overcome those barriers.
Key words: Technology transfer, Drivers and Barriers, Policy approaches.